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Yin Xiangchu

Last Update: 10-15-2014 Printer Text Size: A A A

Yin Xiangchu, one of the most famous entomologists in China, was born in Haimen city, Jiangsu province in 1934. He was graduated from the department of Plant Protection of Shandong Agricultural College in 1958. In the past 50 years, he served as the chief of Animal Research Office, deputy director and professor of Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology (NWIPB), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). He was the director of the 2-7th council of China entomology academy. He also served as the member of standing committee of Qinghai Provincial Association for Science and Technology, the vice chairman of it and the member of National Committee of China Association for Science. He took up the post as a visiting professor at Arizona University of USA and Arizona State University. He was selected as one of the Chinese Elites in Contemporary Science and Technology by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) and the Chinese Academy of Sciences in June, 1995. He was elected as the academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in October ,1995. He is now the editor of Acta Entomologica Sinica, Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, Entomotaxonomia, Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology.

Prof. Yin Xiangchu has been engaged in the work of classification of locusts for more than 30 years and found 37 new genera and 103 new species of locusts. He proposed some new ideas about the adaptability and evolution ways of locusts in the highlands and the type of plateau zorotypus. He explained that the strong wind in the plateau is not suitable for the flight of locusts what leads to the degradation of locust’s wing. Locust’s wing is one of its vocal organs. The degradation of locust’s wing leads to the vocal organs’ degradation what causes the degradation or disappearance of locust’s hearing organs. It is showed that the species who are lack of wings, vocal organs and hearing organs living in the high attitude areas are the most evolutional ones and the unique species in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. He founded the New classification system of locusts in China in 1982, which was praised as ‘YinXiangChu Classification System’. In the year of 1984, He published the book named as ‘the Locusts Qinghai-Tibet Plateau’which became the important reference of research and control about locusts in the plateau later. And then in 1996, ‘A Synonymic Catalogue of Grasshoppers and Their Allies of the World’ (English Vision) was published which record all the known 2261 genus and 10136 species of locusts in the world from the year of 1758 to 1990 with 2,000,000 words. The book is the most complete monograph in the world up to now.

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